A share of stock represents an investor's (called a "shareholder") ownership stake in a Corporation. A person who holds a share has a financial interest in the Corporation - which may include voting rights, dividend rights and liquidity rights.
Preferred vs. Common Stock: An Overview
There are many differences between preferred and common stock, many of which are affected by the Corporation's Charter. The main difference is that preferred stock usually do not give shareholders voting rights, while common stock does, usually at one vote per share owned.
A main difference from common stock is that preferred stock generally comes with no voting rights. So when it comes time for a company to elect a board of directors or vote on any form of corporate policy, preferred shareholders have no voice in the future of the company.
Preferred stock functions similarly to bonds since with preferred shares, shareholders are usually guaranteed a fixed dividend in perpetuity. The dividend yield of a preferred stock is calculated as the dollar amount of a dividend divided by the price of the stock. This is often based on the par value before a preferred stock is offered. It's commonly calculated as a percentage of the current market price after it begins trading. This is different from common stock which has variable dividends that are declared by the board of directors and never guaranteed. In fact, many companies do not pay out dividends to common stock at all. Like bonds, preferred shares also have a par value which is affected by interest rates. When interest rates rise, the value of the preferred stock declines, and vice versa. Dividend payments are never guaranteed and a company's financial position may prohibit them from making dividend payments.
Preferred Stock can also have other unique features, unlike common shares, preferred shares also have a call-ability feature which gives the issuing company the right to redeem the shares from the market after a predetermined time.
Common stock represents shares of ownership in a corporation and the type of stock in which most people invest. When people talk about stocks they are usually referring to common stock. In fact, the great majority of stock is issued is in this form. Common shares represent a claim on profits (dividends) and confer voting rights. Investors most often get one vote per share-owned to elect board members who oversee the major decisions made by management. Stockholders thus have the ability to exercise control over corporate policy and management issues compared to preferred shareholders.
When it comes to a company's dividends, the company's board of directors will decide whether or not to pay out a dividend to common stockholders. If a company misses a dividend, the common stockholder gets bumped back for a preferred stockholder, meaning paying the latter is a higher priority for the company. The claim over a company's income and earnings is most important during times of insolvency. Common stockholders are last in line for the company's assets. This means that when the company must liquidate and pay all creditors and bondholders, common stockholders will not receive any money until after the preferred shareholders are paid out.
Republic Core LLC (“Core”) provides technology and support services to OpenDeal Inc. and its affiliates (collectively, the “Republic Ecosystem”). Republic Note holders and as well as users of the site and services maintained by the Republic Ecosystem, regardless of and their activities on or relating to the Republic Ecosystem, are subject to the applicable terms of service, in their entirety.
Core is currently conducting an offering of Republic Notes under Rule 506(c) of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) to persons who are accredited investors, as that term is defined in Rule 501. Only accredited investors are eligible to participate in the Rule 506(c) offering. Accredited investors who wish to participate in the Rule 506(c) offering should receive and review carefully the Private Placement Memorandum pertaining to that offering, as it contains important information for potential investors to consider prior to making an investment decision. Accredited investors who wish to participate in the Rule 506(c) offering will be required to (i) complete a subscription agreement, (ii) acknowledge that they have received and read the Private Placement Memorandum, and (iii) provide information verifying their status as accredited investors.
Core is also “testing the waters” with respect to the sale of Republic Notes under Regulation A of the Securities Act. The “testing the waters” process allows companies to determine whether there may be interest in an eventual offering of its securities to qualified purchasers under Regulation A. Core is not under any obligation to make an offering under Regulation A. No money or other consideration is being solicited for an offering under Regulation A at this time and, if sent, it will not be accepted.
Core may choose to make an offering to some, but not all, of the people who indicate an interest in investing, and that offering may or may not be made under Regulation A. For example, Core may choose to proceed with its offering under Rule 506(c) without ever conducting a Regulation A offering, in which case only accredited investors within the meaning of Rule 501 will be able to buy Republic Notes.
If and when Core conducts an offering under Regulation A of the Act, it will do so only once (i) it has filed an offering statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), (ii) the SEC has qualified such offering statement and (iii) investors have subscribed to the offering in the manner provided for in the offering statement. The information in the offering statement will be more complete than any test-the-waters materials and could differ in important ways. Prospective investors who are interested in participating in the Regulation A offering must read the offering statement filed with the SEC, when that offering statement becomes publicly available.
No money or other consideration is being solicited at this time in connection with any potential Regulation A offering and, if tendered, will not be accepted. No offer to buy securities in a Regulation A offering can be accepted and no part of the purchase price can be received until an offering statement is qualified with the SEC. Any offer to buy securities may be withdrawn or revoked, without obligation or commitment of any kind, at any time before notice of its acceptance is given after the qualification date. Any indication of interest in Core’s offering involves no obligation or commitment of any kind.